Jazz

 
 
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Jazz
1895 - present

An important style of music that was born during the beginning of the 20th century was jazz.   This unique American sound grew out of ragtime music.  Scott Joplin is the best known composer of ragtime.

Jazz first appeared in New Orleans around 1895.  Jazz combines European and African styles of music.  For the first time in music history African American composers and musicians were being recognized for their important contributions to music, especially in the fields of jazz, blues, and ragtime.   To learn how to listen to jazz, click here.  To learn more about the history and styles of jazz, click here.

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Musican Location of Birth Born Died
Texas Alexander Jewett, Texas 9-12-1900 4-16-1954
Henry "Red" Allen Algiers, Louisiana 1-7-1908 4-17-1967
Lil Hardin-Armstrong Memphis, Tennessee 2-3-1898 8-27-1971
Louis Armstrong New Orleans, Louisiana 8-1-1901 7-6-1971
Sidney Arodin Westwego, Louisiana 3-29-1901 2-6-1948
Lovie Austin Chattanooga, Tennessee 9-19-1887 7-10-1972
Buster Bailey Memphis, Tennessee 7-19-1902 4-12-1967
Smith Ballew Palestine, Texas 1-21-1902 3-12-1984
Paul Barbarin New Orleans, Louisiana 5-5-1899 2-10-1969
Roy Bargy Newaygo, Michigan 7-31-1894 1-16-1974
Danny Barker New Orleans, Louisiana 1-13-1909 3-13-1994
Sidney Bechet New Orleans, Louisiana 4-14-1897 4-14-1959
Barney Bigard New Orleans, Louisiana 3-3-1906 7-27-1980
Bix Beiderbecke Davenport, Iowa 3-10-1903 8-6-1931
Vic Berton Chicago, Illinois 5-7-1896 12-26-1951
Jimmy Bertrand Biloxi, Mississippi 2-24-1900 8-1960
Esther Bigeou New Orleans, Louisiana 1895 1936
Jack Bland Sedalia, Missouri 5-8-1899 10-1968
Jimmy Blythe Keene, Kentucky 5-20-1901 7-21-1931
Peter Bocage Algiers, Louisiana 9-6-1877 12-3-1967
Lucille Bogan Amory, Mississippi 4-1-1897 8-10-1948
Buddy Bolden New Orleans, Louisiana 9-6-1877 11-4-1931
Perry Bradford Montgomery, Alabama 2-14-1893 4-22-1970
Tom Brown New Orleans, Louisiana 6-3-1888 3-25-1958
George Brunies New Orleans, Louisiana 2-6-1902 11-19-1974
W.E. "Buddy" Burton Louisville, Kentucky 2-1890 7-6-1977
Jack Carey Hahnville, Louisiana 1889 1934
Mutt Carey Hahnville, Louisiana 1891 9-3-1948
Hoagy Carmichael Bloomington, Indiana 11-22-1899 12-27-1981
Papa Celestin Napoleanville, Louisiana 1-1-1884 12-15-1954
Junie Cobb Hot Springs, Arkansas 1896 1970
Lee Collins New Orleans, Louisiana 10-17-1901 7-3-1960
Doc Cooke Louisville, Kentucky 9-3-1891 12-25-1958
Eddie Condon Goodland Indiana 11-16-1905 8-4-1973
Ida Cox Toccoa, Georgia 2-25-1886 11-10-1967
Wilton Crawley Smithfield, Virginia 1900 1948
Charlie Creath Ironton, Missouri 12-30-1890 10-23-1951
Cow Cow Davenport Anniston, Alabama 4-23-1894 12-2-1956
Baby Dodds New Orleans, Louisiana 12-24-1898 2-14-1959
Johnny Dodds New Orleans, Louisiana 4-12-1892 8-8-1940
Natty Dominique New Orleans, Louisiana 8-2-1896 8-30-1982
Jimmy Dorsey Shenandoah, Pennsylvania 2-29-1904 6-12-1957
Tommy Dorsey Shenandoah, Pennsylvania 11-19-1905 11-261956
Lawrence Duhé La Place, Louisiana 11-19-1887 11-26-1960
Johnny Dunn Memphis, Tennessee 11-19-1905 11-26-1956
Frankie Dusen New Orleans, Louisiana 1880 1940
Jimmy Durante New York, New York 2-10-1893 1-29-1980
Honore Dutrey New Orleans, Louisiana 1894 7-21-1935
Cliff Edwards Hannibal, Missouri 6-14-1895 7-17-1971
Duke Ellington Washington, D.C. 4-29-1899 5-24-1974
Pops Foster McCall, Louisiana 5-18-1892 10-30-1969
Bud Freeman Chicago, Illinois 4-13-1906 3-15-1991
Bob Fuller New York, New York 1898 ?
Jean Goldkette Valenciennes, France 3-18-1899 3-24-1962
Benny Goodman Chicago, Illinois 5-30-1909 6-20-1986
Annette Hanshaw New York, New York 10-18-1910 3-13-1985
Emmett Hardy Gretna, Louisiana 6-12-1903 6-16-1925
Coleman Hawkins St. Joesph, Missouri 11-21-1901 5-19-1969
Lucille Hegamin Macon, Georgia 11-29-1894 3-1-1970
Edmonia Henderson ? ? ?
Fletcher Henderson Cuthbert, Georgia 12-18-1897 12-28-1952
Katherine Henderson St. Louis, Missouri 6-23-1909 ?
Rosa Henderson Henderson, Kentucky 11-24-1896 4-6-1968
Edna Hicks New Orleans, Louisiana 10-14-1895 8-16-1925
Alex Hill Little Rock, Arkansas 4-1906 2-1937
Chippie Hill Charleston, South Carolina 1900 5-7-1950
Earl Hines Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 12-28-1900 7-6-1971
Alberta Hunter Memphis, Tennessee 4-1-1895 10-17-1984
Papa Charlie Jackson New Orleans, Louisiana 1890 1938
Frankie "Half Pint" Jaxon Montgomery, Alabama 2-3-1895 1944
Bill Johnson New Orleans, Louisiana 8-10-1872 12-3-1972
Bunk Johnson New Orleans, Louisiana 12-27-1889 7-7-1949
James P. Johnson New Brunswick, New Jersey 2-1-1894 11-17-1955
Lonnie Johnson New Orleans, Louisiana 2-18-1899 7-16-1970
Margaret Johnson Kentucky? ? ?
Mary Johnson Eden Station, Mississippi 1900 1970
Richard M. Jones Donaldsville, Louisiana 6-13-1889 12-8-1945
Freddie Keppard New Orleans, Louisiana 2-27-1890 12-21-1933
Carl Kress Newark, New Jersey 10-20-1907 6-10-1965
Gene Krupa Chicago, Illinois 1-15-1909 10-16-1973
Tommy Ladnier New Orleans, Louisiana 5-28-1900 7-4-1939
Papa Jack Laine New Orleans, Louisiana 9-21-1873 6-1-1966
Eddie Lang Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 10-25-1902 3-26-1933
Nick LaRocca New Orleans, Louisiana 4-11-1889 2-22-1961
George Lewis New Orleans, Louisiana 7-13-1900 12-31-1968
Ted Lewis Circleville, Ohio 6-5-1890 8-25-1971
Virginia Liston ? 1890 1932
Ray Lopez New Orleans, Louisiana 11-28-1889 4-27-1970
Abe Lyman Chicago, Illinois 8-4-1897 10-23-1957
Wingy Manone New Orleans, Louisiana 2-13-1900 7-9-1982
Fate Marable New Orleans, Louisiana 12-2-1890 1-16-1947
Paul Mares New Orleans, Louisiana 6-15-1900 8-18-1949
Sarah Martin Louisville, Kentucky 6-18-1884 3-24-1955
Hattie McDaniel Wichita, Kansas 6-10-1895 10-26-1952
Red McKenzie St. Louis, Missouri 10-14-1899 2-7-1948
Jimmy McPartland Chicago, Illinois 3-15-1907 3-12-1991
Frank Melrose Sumner, Illinois 12-26-1907 9-1941
Mezz Mezzrow Chicago, Illinois 11-9-1899 8-5-1972
Bubber Miley Aiken, South Carolina 4-3-1903 5-20-1932
Lizzie Miles New Orleans, Louisiana 3-31-1895 3-17-1963
Glenn Miller      
Irving Mills New York, New York 1-16-1894 4-21-1985
George Mitchell Louisville, Kentucky 3-8-1899 5-27-1972
Miff Mole Welfare Island, New York 3-11-1898 4-29-1961
Jelly Roll Morton New Orleans, Louisiana 10-20-1890 7-10-1941
Thomas Morris New York, New York 1898 ?
Bennie Moten Kansas City, Missouri 11-13-1894 4-2-1935
Phil Napoleon Boston, Massachusetts 9-2-1901 9-13-1990
Albert Nicholas New Orleans, Louisiana 5-27-1900 9-3-1973
Red Nichols Ogden, Utah 5-8-1905 7-28-1963
Jimmy Noone Cut-Off, Louisiana 4-23-1895 4-19-1944
Yellow Nuñez New Orleans, Louisiana 3-17-1884 9-2-1934
King Oliver New Orleans, Louisiana 5-11-1885 4-10-1938
Kid Ory La Place, Louisiana 12-25-1886 1-23-1973
Anthony Parenti New Orleans, Louisiana 8-6-1900 4-17-1972
Tiny Parham Winnipeg, Canada 1-25-1900 4-4-1943
Manuel Perez New Orleans, Louisiana 1873 1946
Buddie Petit White Castle, Louisiana 1895 7-4-1931
Alphonse Picou New Orleans, Louisiana 10-18-1880 2-4-1961
Armand J. Piron New Orleans, Louisiana 8-16-1888 2-17-1943
Ben Pollack Chicago, Illinois 6-27-1903 6-7-1971
Ma Rainey Columbus, Georgia 4-26-1886 12-22-1939
Don Redman Piedmont, West Virginia 7-29-1900 11-30-1964
Django Reinhardt Liberchien, Belgium 1-24-1910 5-16-1953
Kid Rena New Orleans, Louisiana 8-30-1898 4-25-1949
Harry Reser Piqua, Ohio 1-17-1895 1967
John Robichaux Thibodaux, Louisiana 1-16-1866 1939
Adrian Rollini New York, New York 6-28-1904 5-15-1956
Leon Roppolo Lutcher, Louisiana 3-16-1902 10-14-1943
Pee Wee Russell Maplewood, Missouri 3-27-1906 2-15-1969
Luis Russell Borcas Del Toro, Republic of Panama 8-6-1902 12-11-1963
Bud Scott New Orleans, Louisiana 1-11-1890 7-2-1949
Ben Selvin New York, New York 1898 7-15-1980
Boyd Senter New Orleans, Louisiana 11-30-1898 6-1982
Larry Shields New Orleans, Louisiana 9-13-1893 11-21-1953
Frank Signorelli New York, New York 5-24-1901 12-9-1975
Omer Simeon New Orleans, Louisiana 4-14-1898 9-17-1959
Zutty Singleton Bunkie, Louisiana 5-14-1898 7-14-1975
Bessie Smith Chattanooga, Tennessee 4-15-1895 9-26-1937
Clara Smith Spartanburg, South Carolina 1894 2-1935
Jabbo Smith Pembroke, Georgia 12-24-1908 1-16-1991
Laura Smith Indianapolis, Indiana ? 2-1931
Mamie Smith Cincinnati, Ohio 5-26-1883 10-30-1946
Pine Top Smith Troy, Alabama 1-11-1904 3-15-1929
Trixie Smith Atlanta, Georgia 1895 9-21-1943
Willie "The Lion" Smith Goshen, New York 11-25-1897 4-18-1973
Elmer Snowden Baltimore, Maryland 10-9-1900 5-14-1973
Muggsy Spanier Chicago, Illinois 11-9-1906 2-12-1967
Victoria Spivey Houston, Texas 10-15-1906 10-3-1976
Johnny St. Cyr New Orleans, Louisiana 4-17-1890 6-17-1966
Mary Stafford Missouri 1895 1938
Joe Sullivan Chicago, Illinois 11-4-1906 10-13-1971
Wilbur Sweatman Brunswick, Missouri 2-7-1881 3-9-1961
Erskine Tate Memphis, Tennessee 12-19-1895 12-17-1978
Eva Taylor St. Louis, Missouri 6-22-1895 10-31-1977
Jack Teagarden Vernon, Texas 8-20-1905 1-15-1964
Thelma Terry Michigan 9-30-1901 5-30-1966
Frank Teschemacher Kansas City, Missouri 3-13-1906 3-1-1932
Alphonso Trent Fort Smith, Arkansas 10-24-1905 10-14-1959
Frankie Trumbauer Carbondale, Illinois 3-30-1901 7-11-1956
Joe Venuti Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 9-16-1903 8-14-1978
Sippie Wallace Houston, Texas 11-1-1898 11-1-1986
Fats Waller New York, New York 5-21-1904 12-15-1943
Ethel Waters Chester, Pennsylvania 10-31-1896 9-1-1977
Clarence Williams Plaquemine Delta, Louisiana 10-8-1898 11-6-1965
Edith Wilson Louisville, Kentucky 9-2-1896 3-30-1981
Lena Wilson Charlotte, North Carolina 1898 1939?
Paul Whiteman Denver, Colorado 3-28-1890 12-29-1967

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